Population Change & Sustainable Development

By Alex Jackson

  • Sustainability - Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Economic sustainability takes this concept further:

  • Economic Sustainability - Considers the ability of economies to maintain themselves when resources decline or become too expensive and when populations dependent on these resources are growing.

A Dilemma

  • Developed countries continue to demand resources for their populations in increasing amounts.
  • Less developed countries are supplying the resources that make the developed countries affluent.
  • Rapidly increasing populations of developing countries are demanding more and more resources.

Agenda 21

Agenda 21 is a UN sustainable development programme. It states that governments are obliged to formulate national plans or strategies for sustainable development. It also states that sustainable development is essentially a local activity.

Strategies by Local Authorities

  • Monitoring air and water quality.
  • Promoting energy efficiency.
  • Establishing effective recycling system.
  • Creating efficient forms of public transport.
  • Carrying out population management.

Local Population Management

Developing Countries:

  • Training community nurses.
  • Increasing female literacy rates.
  • Making contraceptives readily available.

Developed Countries